In accordance with the Federal Law of the Russian Federation dated 21 november 2011 G. No. 323-FZ "On the basics of protecting the health of citizens in the Russian Federation"
The rights of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of health care
Article 18. Right to health care
1. Everyone has the right to health care.
2. The right to health protection is ensured by the protection of the environment, creation of safe working conditions, favorable working conditions, life, recreation, education and training of citizens, production and sale of food products of appropriate quality, quality, safe and affordable medicines, as well as the provision of affordable and high-quality medical care.
Article 19. Right to medical care
1. Everyone has the right to health care.
2. Everyone has the right to guaranteed medical care, provided free of charge in accordance with the program of state guarantees of free provision of medical care to citizens, as well as to receive paid medical services and other services, including in accordance with the contract of voluntary medical insurance.
The patient is an individual, who is receiving medical care or who has applied for medical care, regardless of whether he has a disease and on his condition.
The patient has the right to (article 19):
1. Choosing a doctor and choosing a medical organization;
2. Prevention, diagnostics, treatment, medical rehabilitation in medical organizations in conditions, corresponding to sanitary and hygienic requirements;
3. Obtaining advice from medical specialists
4. Pain relief, associated with disease and (or) medical intervention, available methods and drugs;
5. Getting information about your rights and obligations, state of your health, choice of faces, to whom, in the interests of the patient, information about the state of his health can be transferred;
6. receiving therapeutic nutrition in the case of a patient being treated in a hospital;
7. Information protection, constituting a medical secret;
8. Refusal of medical intervention;
9. Compensation for damage, caused to health in the provision of medical care;
10. Access to a lawyer or legal representative to protect their rights;
11. Access to the clergy, and in the case of a patient being treated in a hospital – to provide conditions for the performance of religious rites, which can be carried out in stationary conditions, including the provision of a separate room, if it does not violate the internal regulations of the medical organization.
Article 21. Choosing a doctor and medical organization
When providing medical care to a citizen under the program of state guarantees of free provision of medical care to citizens, he has the right to choose a medical organization in the manner, approved by the authorized federal executive body, and the choice of a doctor, subject to the consent of the doctor.
Article 20. Informed voluntary consent to medical intervention and refusal of medical intervention
A necessary prerequisite for medical intervention is the giving of informed voluntary consent of a citizen or his legal representative to medical intervention on the basis of complete information provided by a medical professional in an accessible form about the goals, methods of medical care, the risk associated with them, possible options for medical intervention, about its consequences, as well as the expected results of medical care.
Informed voluntary consent to medical intervention or refusal of medical intervention is made in writing, signed by a citizen, one of the parents or other legal representative, health worker and contained in the patient's medical records.
Article 27. Obligations of citizens in the field of health care
1. Citizens are obliged to take care of their health.
2. Citizens in cases, provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, required to undergo medical examinations, and citizens, suffering from diseases, posing a danger to others, in cases, provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, required to undergo medical examination and treatment, as well as prevent these diseases..
3. citizens, under treatment, required to adhere to treatment, including those determined for the period of their temporary incapacity for work, and rules of patient behavior in medical organizations.
Informed voluntary consent of a citizen to medical intervention is a prerequisite. At the same time, medical workers are obliged to explain in detail and in an accessible way the goals of this intervention and its possible consequences.. The citizen's consent is in writing..
In cases, when the condition of a citizen does not allow him to express his will, medical intervention is urgent, the issue of its implementation is decided by the council or the attending physician. Consent to medical intervention in relation to persons, under the age of fifteen, and citizens, declared legally incompetent, given by their legal representatives, in the absence of such – decides the council or the attending physician.